IEC Improving Construction IEC Improving Construction




Rethinking IT in Construction and Engineering: Organisational Readiness

By Professor Mustafa Alshawi, Taylor & Francis (2008)
Based on Prof Alshawi’s 20 years experience in this field, this book aims to provide a holistic picture of the factors that enable architecture, construction and engineering organisations to explore the potential of IT to improve their businesses and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. It raises awareness of the importance of the organisational “soft issues” and the role they play in influencing the outcome of IT investments. The book also addresses other complementary enablers such as knowledge management, learning organisations, maturity models and e-readiness measurements. Real case studies are used throughout the book to illustrate various concepts and to provide the reader with a realistic and practical picture.

Cases on E-Readiness and Information Systems Management in Organizations

By Professor Mohammed Arif and Professor Mustafa Alshawi
Advances in information technology (IT) have influenced how organizations do business. With IT playing such a pivotal role in the operations and success of an organization, it is imperative that it be used strategically. As a repository of cases, Cases on E-Readiness and Information Systems Management in Organizations: Tools for Maximizing Strategic Alignment contains research that readers can use to assess the e-readiness of their own organizations. This book presents principles, tools, and techniques about e-readiness, while also offering in-depth perspectives on applying the e-readiness model for the purpose of aligning IT with organizational strategies.

IT/IS Readiness Maturity Model

By Professor Mustafa Alshawi , in Cases on E-Readiness and Information Systems Management in Organizations, Business Science (2012)
This chapter explains the concept of an IT/IS readiness maturity model including particular requirements in terms of four domains, embracing nine attributes: IT infrastructure (top management perception, systems and communication), people (skills, roles and responsibility of IT staff, user involvement), process, and work environment (organization behaviour, IT department, leadership). Each of the attributes consists of 14 factors: top management perception (drivers, systems requirements definition), systems and communication (focus, network communica- tion), skills (type of skills, capability building), roles and responsibility of IT staff (position of IT/IS heads, roles of IT staff), user involvement, process (practices), organizational behaviour (characteristics), IT policy (control of IT/IS activities), and leadership (communication, participation).

Semanticially Linking Environmental and Health Policies through a BIM Model

By Alan Redmond, Mustafa Alshawi, in Advances in Construction ICT and E-business, Routledge (2015)
It is important to clearly identify sustainability related services that offer innovative technologies that can directly impact a client’s progress towards sustainability goals. The focus of this paper is to implement techniques such as business rules associated with semantic knowledge in order to identify appropriate environmental policies on the Web. These new classes of intelligent Web applications through the assistance of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID – image recognition) will investigate and map existing materials through object hyper linking for viewing in a BIM model. For instance; with regards to facility management of a refurbish building the new known or alternatively unknown hazardous material would be semantically linked to a data model of ASHRAE documents.

E-readiness in Construction

By Eric Lou and in Mustafa Alshawi, in Construction Innovation and Process Improvement, Willey (2012)
An advanced state of organizational e-readiness is needed for a business to compete readily in the global open market. It is therefore, imperative that organizations align their strategies inline with their organization’s readiness to adopt IT. Organizations must be readily prepared to adopt new methods of working, to create or reengineer new business processes, and be prepared to leverage information technology in order to gain competitive advantage and improve business efficiency. This paper investigates the initiation, development and practice of e-readiness, and presents a case for possible adoption for organizations in the construction industry.


BIM For Client Organisations: A Continuous Improvement Approach

By Dr Mubarak Alhbabi and Professor Mustafa Alshawi (2015)
The role of client organisations is considered to be very important to accelerate the implementation of BIM. In order to do this, they need to: clearly understand the implementation mechanisms; determine the level of change required within their organisations and evaluate how best they can achieve this change. This paper proposes a continuous improvement approach for clients to improve their performance and to maximise the benefits gained from BIM over time. The concept is based on identifying BIM requirements and documenting them in an Employer Information Requirements (EIR) document based on their capability and maturity to deliver and manage BIM. Construction Innovation, V15 (4), 2015

Owners need to step up for BIM

By Dr Muhammad Tariq Shafiq (2014)
The benefits of BIM are ultimately for property owners and client organisations, but the value of information inherent in BIM models is not always clear to them as they seldom engage with the BIM process, or even understand the technicalities involved in the creation and delivery of BIM models. If the client organisations want more useful and fit for purpose BIM models on their projects, they need to step up and take a leading role in BIM deployment. Clients need to establish a clear roadmap to transfer them from their traditional work practices to BIM based processes to be able to reap the most benefits from BIM.

Capacity building for BIM

By Dr Muhammad Tariq Shafiq (2014)
The focus of training and education in BIM still relies on basic technology (software) trainings, and their functionalities, which only represents the technological aspects of BIM and do not contribute in developing the knowledge and skills required to push the BIM adoption into wider practices. A critical factor is greater collaboration between industry and academia to achieve this, as recognized in the UK, sharing knowledge and practice to drive the BIM training and education in the region. It is up to the policy makers in the UAE to encourage and initiate such ventures, by working with academic peers and industry leaders in the field, which really hold the key to unlock potentials of BIM for a better construction industry.

Let's share local BIM experience

By Dr Muhammad Tariq Shafiq (2015)
The construction professionals unanimously agree that under traditional contracts, problems are discovered and solved during construction which lead to demolition, reworks, design changes, etc., which is extremely costly and time consuming. On the other hand, if problem are discovered, discussed and solved at the design stage, the cost of change will be negligible, if any. This is where BIM can revolutionise the traditional design and construction practices by allowing the construction professionals to perform design coordination and analysis upfront in a project timeline with sophisticated BIM software applications and tools. There is need to share local BIM experiences and case studies. This will educate and motivate client organisations and project owners in the UAE to play a leading role to drive BIM adoption in the region.

A study of BIM collaboration requirements and available features in existing model collaboration system

By Muhammad Tariq Shafiq, Jane Matthews, Prof. Steve Lockley (2013)
The construction industry is responding to this situation by adopting emerging model collaboration systems (MCS), such as model servers, with the ability to exploit and reuse information directly from the models to extend the current intra-disciplinary collaboration towards integrated multi-disciplinary collaboration on models. The functions of existing MCSs have evolved from the manufacturing industry and there is no concrete study on how these functions correspond to the requirements of the construction industry, especially with BIM requirements. This paper concludes that model collaborative solutions for construction industry users are available in different capacities; however a comprehensive custom built solution is yet to be realized. The research results are useful for construction industry professionals, software developers and researchers involved in exploring collaborative solutions for the construction industry Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 18. pp. 148-161. ISSN 1874-4753.

Facing The Challenge: Effective Bim Deployment To Improve The Performance Of Industry

By Dr Mubarak Alhbabi and Professor Mustafa Alshawi (2013)
The recent widespread deployment and use of Building Information Models (BIM) has been identified as a key activity for advancing construction efficiency and improving quality, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of construction projects. However, BIM research and deployment is still focusing on the technology aspect including the interoperability of BIM technologies and its deployment to individual stages of the project life cycle. This leaves the interest of Clients organisations ineffectively addressed. In fact, unguided deployment of BIM at different stages of the project may lead to isolated models which make the exchange of project information among them extremely difficult. This paper aims to identify gaps in BIM deployment, from Clients organisations’ perspective, and outlines an approach that will help Clients originations to maximise the benefit out of BIM’s deployment Quantity Surveying International Convention (QSIC2012), Kuala Lumpur, September 2012

Requirements for Model Server Enabled Collaborating on Building Information Models

By Muhammad Tariq Shafiq, Jane Matthews, Prof. Steve Lockley (2012)
The application of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has demonstrated enormous potential to deliver consistency in the construction collaboration process. This paper presents a review of existing collaboration platforms, with a particular focus to evaluate the research and development efforts on model servers as a collaboration platform. This paper also reports on the findings of three focus group sessions with industry practitioners to identify any problems in the available collaboration systems. The paper identifies a number of issues in current collaboration environments which help to understand the main domains of user requirements for BIM collaboration. These requirement domains will be further analysed to identify functional and technical specifications for a model server enabled collaboration platform. International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling, 1(4), 8-17, October-December 2012

Exploring How Information Exchanges Can Be Enhanced Through Cloud BIM

By Alan Redmond, Prof Alan Hore and Prof Mustafa Alshawi (2012)
The properties of BIM are parametric modelling providing tabular views of components and characteristic interaction with elements. However, the dilemma is how to share these properties of BIM applications on one single platform. The prospect of using remote data servers with web service applications provides a mechanism for exchanging data openly. The initial problem with IFCs is that they are not intended to store and carry all relevant data for all multi-featured construction processes. This papers focuses on the results of a semi-structured interview of 11 expert respondents, on using cloud computing as integration platform for BIM applications ‘Cloud BIM’. Automation in Construction, Vol 24, July 2012.

Identifying Cost Savings for the UK Building Industry through Cloud Computing and BIM Software

By Alan Redmond, Prof Alan Hore and Prof Mustafa Alshawi (2011)
In the UK construction industry the majority of waste is generated throughout the lifecycle of a building mainly due to limited accessibility of existing information. The use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) has proven instrumental in creating productivity gains within global markets, for example, through reduced transaction costs, scalability, and fast, reliable information flows, enhanced online collaboration tools and new ways to market goods and services. This paper identifies how future services such as, cloud computing and Build Information Modeling (BIM), can enable cost savings to the building industry by contributing to an increase in productivity from using open standards. COBRA Conference, RISC, 2011

Proposed New It/Is Capability Evaluation (Nice) Framework For Performance Measurement For It/Is Implementation In Organisation

By Hafez Salleh and Prof Mustafa Alshawi (2005)
Most of the traditional IT/IS performance measures are focused on method of investment appraisal. There is a need to produce an alternative holistic measurement model that enables soft and hard issues to be measured qualitatively. A New IT/IS Capability Evaluation (NICE) framework has been designed to measure the capability of organisations to “successfully implement IT systems” and it is applicable across industries. The idea is to provide managers with measurement tools to enable them to identify where improvements are required within their organisations and to indicate their readiness prior to IT investment. The NICE framework investigates four organisational key elements: IT, Environment, Process and People, and is composed of six progressive stages of maturity that a company can achieve its IT/IS capabilities. 4th International Postgraduate Research Conference, 2005.